What is Synovitis, and How Do I Treat It?
Synovitis is a condition that occurs when the synovium, a liner and lubrication of the knee joint becomes inflicted with inflammation. This unfortunate and uncomfortable medical condition can be caused by rheumatoid arthritis as well as injury or trauma. Sometimes though, the case is unknown in its entirety. The fluid responds to the injury and acting as one of the body’s protection mechanisms, causes the inflammation.
Our bodies have synovial membranes in the knee, hip, write, shoulder, and ankle joints. As such, synovitis has the ability of popping up in any one of these, with the knee being the most common. A common disease like arthritis can lead to chronic conditions of synovitis, which simply means that it keeps coming back. Injuries on the other hand can create acute synovitis, a condition that can go away if the joint is allowed to rest in heal.
However, if acute synovitis is ignored, it has the ability to become chronic.
Synovium can be described as a fimy, thin material that forms a sac enclosing a movable joint within your body. Inside of a healthy joint, this synovium is usually barely one cell thick and it works with cartilage to reduce friction.
There are two kinds of cells located inside the synovium. One produces fluid that helps to lubricate the joint, while the other keeps the joint clean through consuming materials that are deemed to be unwanted. If the synovium is inflamed, it produced excess fluid that causes the joint to swell and cause discomfort.
Major symptoms of synovitis includes swelling, with fluid, as well as pain, stiffness, and a feeling of a “pop” every time you move the joint.
While the symptoms of synovitis may come and go, treatment is still recommended.
Your doctor may take fluid samples to determine the root of your problems. This is performed by inserting a needle into your knee, injecting it with a type of numbing medication, then removing the fluid that has built up that is then analyzed.
In most common cases, treatment of synovitis consist of taking anti-inflammatory medicine like ibuprofen or aspirin. Also, it’s important to elevate and wrap the knee – compression using an Ace-bandage or something similar is recommended. Inflammations that are more severe may require cortisone injections or surgery, which involves removal of the tissue.
If synovitis has been left untreated and damage to the knee has occurred, then a total knee replacement surgery may be necessary. That’s why it’s important to seek treatment early.