Plantar Fasciitis Information Page
Planter fasciitis refers to the inflammation of the arch tendon (plantar fascia) of the foot. It’s an injury that derives from overuse and can cause heel pain that travels throughout the foot. While plantar fasciitis is commonly known as heel spur, they’re not exactly the same. A heel spur is a bony growth that takes place at the calcaneus, the attachment of the plantar fascia to the hell bone. In the repetitive pulling and strain of the plantar fascia, a heel spur can occur on a foot with no or little symptoms at all and a painful heel can occur without a heel spur being present.
The arch tendon (plantar fascia) is a thick, broad brand of tissue that runs from under your heel to the front of your foot. When a rupture occurs at the origin of the arch ligament, it causes a lot of inflammation and pain.
Symptoms of plantar fasciitis
Heal Pain. Pain can be felt under your heel and usually on the inside. This pain is originating from the attachment of the fascia.
Pain on the border of the heel. This is felt in some cases and can occur because of the force and unbalanced weight on one side of the foot. Many of those that play intense sports can experience this, specifically tennis and basketball. Always quickly moving and shuffling (rolling) your feet almost guarantee that you won’t always land square on your feet.
Morning pain. If you feel the worst pain in the morning in the first few minutes of walking around, it could be a sign of plantar fasciitis.
Cause of Plantar Fasciitis
The most common cause of plantar fasciitis is a very tight calf muscle. A tight calf muscle can lead to prolonged and/or high velocity pronation (rotation) of the foot. Because of this, it creates a repetitive overstretching of the plantar fascia leading to inflammation and thickening of the tendon. When the fascia thickens, it loses flexibility and strength.
Treating Plantar Fasciitis
Rest. Take a seat and rest until you are no longer in pain. While it may be hard to rest the foot if you require a job that involves a lot of walking (most of us), it’s important to do take a break. By walking on the injured foot you are consistently aggravating your injury and inflaming it. If you must walk, you can take your foot to support the plantar fascia. Tape can be applied in strips across the plantar fascia to help take stress away from the foot.
Apply ice. Use cold therapies to both reduce both pain and inflammation.
Stretch. By stretching the plantar fascia, you’re not only treating the injury but helping prevent it in the future. The plantar fascia tightens and causes pain, so when you don’t stretch or move overnight it causes the most pain in the morning. While we do suggest you stay off your feet to allow your plantar fascia to rest, you should still be flexing it when you sit. It’ll make walking a much easier activity and soon the pain should disappear completely.